Stem cell Heart Therapy! New Hope For Heart Failure Patients!

After an heart attack there are chances that the heart muscles develop some scars called as scarred tissues. The scarred tissue is inert and does not contribute to the heart’s pumping function, resulting in more strain on the remaining healthy heart muscle that can lead to heart failure. Regrowing healthy muscle should reverse the process.

The clinical trials were carried out at Scripps Clinic. The trial was sponsored by San Diego -based Cytori Therapeutics. It’s too early to tell if there’s going to be any benefit, said Dr. Richard Schatz, the trial’s principal investigator at Scripps. Improvement may take about six months to show up.

How this treatment is carried out?

In this procedure, About half a cup of fat is taken from patients by liposuction, and then is processed in Cytori’s device, called Celution, retrieving what are called adipose-derived stem and regenerative cells. These are then injected into the damaged area of the patient’s heart with a special syringe. The patient is treated in one day, and discharged from the hospital the next day.

Cardiac_Process_Illustration_t540

 

 

 

 

Who benefits from this stem cell therapy?

 The trial is being offered to heart failure patients who are “at the end of the line,” with no other options, Schatz said.

Other techniques under development?

There are other techniques which are under development for the benefit of heart failure patients.

The one described herein is just one method called as the autologous cell Athena trial. In addition to the autologous cell Athena trial, other trials are ongoing using cells pre-collected from other persons, processed and stored for use. These allogenic cells, if suitable, promise greater convenience, Schatz said.

Heart Treatment Options.

 Heart failure may result from a heart attack, which weakens the heart muscle by damaging it; by coronary artery disease, which also weakens the heart by reducing its blood supply, or other conditions. Treatment include coronary stents, various drugs, surgery, a partial mechanical heart called a left ventricular assist device, or LVAD; and in extreme cases when a donor is available, a heart transplant.

Comments:

Nutritional Therapy is very useful for reversing and preventing heart disease.

This is a much simpler procedure to follow. We need to educate the people on the importance of nutrition and an alkaline diet plan to maintain optimum health.

Resources

Utsandiego “Scrips Clinic tests stem cell heart therapy” accessed on May03, 2013, www.utsandiego.com

 

 

Undiagnosed Heart Disease Could Be One of The Causes of Fatigue!

Heart Disease and Fatigue.

Heart disease can start at early stage of life. The process of atherosclerosis starts at an early age of 10. So, we should not be careless saying I am still young. Heart disease comes as we age.

Dr. J. Fred Ralston Jr., MD, past president of the American College of Physicians gives 10 reasons for feeling fatigued and undiagnosed heart disease is one of them. This has been published recently in WebMD “Why Am I so Tired? 10 Possible Causes of Fatigue”.

There are three main reasons for feeling fatigued:

1) What you eat.

2) How much you sleep and

3) How much you exercise.

Out of the 3 main reasons given, eating unhealthy diet like having coffee and sugar makes you more fatigued as your blood sugar levels fluctuate widely. The Dr recommends eating a healthy balanced diet consisting of fruits and vegetables and lean protein.

Most people feel like they’re less tired if they eat a healthy diet,” says J. Fred Ralston Jr., MD, past president of the American College of Physicians. “Eating healthy also means you’ll carry less weight, and obesity is a big contributor to fatigue

Having a good sleep and feeling tired after exercise is a good sign.

Apart from the above top three main reasons, the reasons could be something else, the Dr feels.

Could it be something else? Heart Disease!

The most common reasons for feeling so tired all the time are those we’ve just discussed. Don’t start thinking that you’ve got a medical condition until you’ve tried those strategies and really given them a chance.

If you still feel exhausted, you’ll need to check with your health care provider to look into it. Chronic tiredness is linked to many different medical conditions, such as:

4)Anemia;

5) Deficiencies in key nutrients;

6) Thyroid problems;

7) Diabetes;

8) Depression;

9) Sleep problems; and

10) Undiagnosed heart disease. Tiredness can be a sign of heart trouble, particularly in women, Ralston says. “If you have trouble with exercise you used to do easily, or if you start feeling worse when you exercise, this could be a red flag for heart trouble. If you have any doubts, see your doctor.”

But again, start with the basics: your sleep, your diet, and your activity level. Sometimes the simplest fixes are all it takes

Comments:  Symptoms like excessive yawning, Gastric troubles like excess acidity not controllable by proton pump inhibitors.

Recommended:

Eating an alkaline diet helps you keep healthy. Follow eating an alkaline diet program if you wish to be slim and healthy.

Resources

Women.WebMd, “Undiagnosed Heart Disease” accessed on 2nd May, 2013, www.women.webmed.com

 

Sugary drinks linked to 180,000 deaths worldwide-Reports CNN

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Sugar is a Toxin, doctor says

Introduction
The story highlights is as follows:
  • About 1 in every 100 deaths is caused by sugary beverages, researchers say
  • The American Beverage Association says the study is “more about sensationalism”
  • Researchers analyzed data to link sugary drink consumption to obesity-related deaths.

Sugar is a Toxin Doctor says
Dr Robert Lusting tells CNN’s Dr Sanjay Gupta that processed sugar is so unhealthy that it’s toxic.

Dr Sanjay Gupta is the Chief Medical Correspondent. In his interview with Dr Robert Lusting, Proffessor of clinical pediatrics, the doctors says “Sugar is a Toxin” when consumed in excess.Liver can’t handle too much sugar. Excess consumption of sugar and carbohydrates leads to obesity, which is a metabolic dysfunction.
Each person has a personal threshold of how much sugar he can tolerate, beyond which it is a toxin.

The bitter truth is: we have upper and lower limit for everything except sugar. Limit sugar, it is a Toxin.

See the following video on Dr Sanjay Gupta’s Interview with Dr Robert Lusting.

The Report
According to the report published in CNN – Sugar-sweetened beverages are linked to more than 180,000 obesity-related deaths worldwide each year, according to new research presented this week at an American Heart Association conference.

“This means about one in every 100 deaths from obesity-related diseases is caused by drinking sugary beverages,” says study author Gitanjali Singh, a postdoctoral research fellow at the Harvard School of Public Health.

Among the world’s 35 largest countries, Mexico had the highest death rates from sugary drinks, and Bangladesh had the lowest, according to the study. The United States ranked third.

However, the American Beverage Association dismissed the research as “more about sensationalism than science.”
Opinion: Banning large sodas is legal and smart
(Banning large sodas is legal and smart By Lawrence O. Gostin, Special to CNN March 13, 2013 )
When people drink too many beverages containing added sugar, ( such as soft drinks, fruit drinks, energy or sports beverages, they tend to put on weight. The study authors say these added pounds increase the risk of developing diabetes, cardiovascular disease and some cancers — conditions often referred to as obesity-related diseases.

Researchers at Harvard wanted to find out how often people around the globe drank sugar-sweetened beverages and how that affected their risk of death. They looked at 114 national dietary surveys covering more than 60% of the world’s population. They also used evidence from studies published in medical journals (http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1014296 )that discussed sugary drinks and other dietary habits. Their data was included in the 2010 Global Burden of Disease Study, which looks at the health and mortality of populations across the world.

How did the Harvard scientists single out that sweet drinks were linked to weight gain and death? They spent several years gathering and combing through data. They looked at all kinds of factors that can affect our weight such as TV watching, changes in physical activity levels, smoking and the consumption of all kinds of food and drink.

When the researchers controlled for these factors, they were able to determine what percentage of deaths from diabetes, heart disease and cancer were linked to sugary drinks.

“The investigators examined changes in sugar-sweetened beverage consumption and then its association with change in body fatness or BMI (body mass index), and subsequent deaths from cardiovascular disease, diabetes and cancer,” says Rachel Johnson, professor of nutrition at the University of Vermont in Burlington and chair of the American Heart Assocation’s Nutrition Committee, who was not involved in the study.
Opinion: ‘Anti-Bloomberg’ bill stops overregulation

Scientists found that more people died from diabetes, heart disease and cancer in parts of the world where consumption of sugary drinks is high.

Of the nine world regions in 2010, Latin America and the Caribbean had the most diabetes deaths linked to sugary drinks with 38,000. East and Central Eurasia had the most cardiovascular deaths at 11,000.

In the United States, sugary drinks were linked to the deaths of 25,000 people from diabetes and other obesity-related diseases. As in many other countries, the death rates were highest in young adults under age 45, with one in 10 obesity-related deaths associated with sugary beverages.

“Almost three-quarters of the deaths caused by sugary drinks are in low and middle income countries,” says study author Dr. Dariush Mozaffarian, co-director of the cardiovascular epidemiology program at the Harvard School of Public Health. “So this is not just a problem in wealthy nations.”

The average consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages in Mexico, the country with the highest death rates among larger nations, was 24 ounces per day.

The American Beverage Association released this statement in response to the study:

“This abstract, which is neither peer-reviewed nor published, is more about sensationalism than science. In no way does it show that consuming sugar-sweetened beverages causes chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease or cancer – the real causes of death among the studied subjects.

“The researchers make a huge leap when they illogically and wrongly take beverage intake calculations from around the globe and allege that those beverages are the cause of deaths which the authors themselves acknowledge are due to chronic disease.”
Judge stops NYC ban on large sugary drinks, city plans appeal

The study authors and other experts disagree.

“We know having an elevated BMI is associated with an increased risk of heart disease, diabetes and some cancers,” says Johnson. “The body does not seem to detect fullness as well when you drink sugary drinks. That is one explanation for why sugar-sweetened beverages are associated with obesity.”

Recently the American Heart Association came out with a scientific statement about sugar intake and heart health because it says there is new evidence about the relationship between the two. The statement says some research has found a link between sugar consumption and cardiovascular disease, while other research has not found a direct link.

The AHA says that the best way to maintain a healthy weight and to decrease the risk of heart disease is to eat a healthy diet and to limit added sugar to no more than 100 calories a day for women and 150 for men.

Soft drinks and other sugar-sweetened beverages are the main source of added sugars in the American diet, according to the statement. One 12-ounce regular soda contains the equivalent of 10 teaspoons of sugar and has about 140 calories.
What is the bottom line?

The bottom line is that most of the chronic diseases are preventable by proper nutrition or a healthy diet.
 
A diet that provides all the nutrients needed by the body for its optimum functioning and in adequate quantity and in such a manner that the blood ph is maintained on a slightly alkaline side (between 7.4 to 7.5) is called as healthy diet.

Eating excess of sugary and carbohydrates causes acidosis, a condition where a body becomes susceptible to infection.
Eat healthy and be happy.

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Are You After Cholesterol Lowering Foods and Drugs?

Fats and Cholesterol! Do They Cause Heart Disease!
Fats and cholesterol don’t cause heart disease. The theory was based on bogus science from the very beginning.

Processed wheat products and processed oil are considered to be healthy for our heart.
We see several advertisements in the TV saying (Brand Name) Refined oil-free from cholesterol-Good for your heart.
Most of us go by these ads and purchase double refined oil and other processed foods thinking that it is free from cholesterol and is good for our health.
Is your decision correct?
All of us led to think that our decision is correct. This is what we are made to believe. It was Ancel Keys who made the whole world believe this.
He postulated the lipid hypothesis:
  • Saturated fats is bad for our health and
  • Cholesterol causes heart disease.

To know the truth see the video below which i am sharing with you from youtube:


If you wish to know what causes heart disease click here

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India:What’s Happening in Child-Health?

India Launches Programme for Child-Health Screening.

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Child-Care

The Indian Government announced a new and ambitious child-health screening initiative last month that will run nationally, covering 270 million children according to the article published in The Lancet (Volume 381, issue 9869, pages 8,9 march 2013… ) which I am sharing with all of you.
The program was launched on 6th Feb 2013 by Sonia Gandhi.

Facts about child health
Birth defects affect 6% of all children in India, which translates to a staggering 1·7 million birth defects annually. Developmental delays are also a substantial cause of morbidity in early childhood, affecting around 10% of children.

Experts welcomed initiative
Rohit Agrawal, president of the Indian Academy of Pediatrics in 2012 and Louis-Georges Arsenault, representative of UNICEF India welcomed the move initiated by the The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare under the umbrella of the National Rural Health Mission to provide targeted, comprehensive care to children aged 0-18 years.

Benefits of the Child Health Screening and Early Intervention Services.

“There is an unacceptably high incidence of birth defects, deficiencies, diseases in childhood, and developmental disorders, including disabilities, in India and it is high time we started to pay attention to their early detection and intervention.” “If properly implemented with scale, quality, and equity, the dividends of early intervention could be significant.

This could include:
  • Improvement of survival and nutrition outcomes;

  • Reduction of malnutrition related deaths;

  • Enhancement of cognitive development and school performance;

  • Educational attainment; and

  • Overall improvement of quality of our citizens
What health conditions will be monitored?
The programme has identified 30 health conditions for screening and management including :
  • Birth defects like club foot, cleft lip, congenital heart diseases,

  • deficiency conditions like anaemia, goitre, rickets,developmental delays and

  •   Certain childhood diseases like rheumatic heart disease, otitis media, and dental caries.


How the program will be implemented?
“The screening would be implemented at various levels by facility-based screening for newborns born at health facilities (public sector) and for home deliveries by accredited social health activists”, says Manpreet Singh Khurmi, national consultant for newborn and child health at the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

He tells The Lancet that special teams will :

  • Unndertake at least twice yearly visits to anganwadi centres (centres in villages that provide basic health care) to screen children aged 6 weeks to 6 years and,

  • At least once a year, they will visit all government and government-aided schools to screen children in the age group of 6—18 years.

  • The children identified as requiring further management will be referred to District Early Intervention Centres (DEIC) for confirmation of their diagnosis and further care.

Khurmi adds that technical guidelines and training manuals are being developed for the DEICs.

What are the challenges to implement the program?
According to Khurmi, considerable challenges include:

  • The operationalisation of DEIC,

  • Training of DEIC staff in the various tests that would be undertaken for confirmation of diagnosis, and

  • Monitoring the data that is expected to come from more than 270 million children.
  • “A software tool would be used to monitor the programme as a whole for all children and would cover details of children identified after screening for further management”, he explains.

According to him, the success of the programme depends upon the strengthening of three pillars: recruitment of human resources and their capacity building; supply of logistics, training manuals, equipment and so on; and lastly, information, education, and communication, including behaviour-change communication.

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Child-Care For All

What are the concerns? Will all the children be benefited?

Chandrakant S Pandav, head of the Centre for Community Medicine at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, and past president of the Indian Public Health Association, however, highlights another important concern regarding implementation.

“The programme focuses on those who are enrolled in ICDS (Integrated Child Development Services) or any government or government-aided schools.
  • There are many children, who are outside this umbrella, who are more vulnerable and are in need of these services.
  • The more vulnerable children are more likely to be out of schools because of developmental delays.
  • Provisions should be built in the programme to address this segment”, Pandav says.

“Currently, the health-care system focuses more on treatment, disability prevention, and rehabilitation. In a resource-constrained setting, focus should be on health promotion and specific protection for a better outcome”, he adds.

Dr Balaram Dhotre


Resource : The Lancet, Volume 381, issue 9869, pages 8,9 march 2013

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Health News: Singapore Indians and Heart Disease a Study

Indians and Heart Disease: Nature or Nurture? –is an interesting news article published in

Singapore on why Singapore Indians suffer more from heart disease compared to Chinese and Malayas. The study also applies to  we Indians. Hence I am sharing this article in my blog so that you too can benefit from these studies as to why Indians are more prone to heart disease.
High Prevalance of Heart Disease Among Indians.
This is what Mr Maverik has to say about high prevalance of heart disease.
Mr Maverik, an Indian settled in Singapore, has a family history of heart disease. He is in the fitness industry and exercises 5 times a week and runs marathons and is very concerned about heart disease. The reason being:
  • His father had a heart attack at 35 and another at 62 killed him.

  • Mr Maverik is aware about the higher prevalence of heart disease among Indians.

  • Singapore Indians are three times more likely to suffer a heart attack than the Chinese.

  • His mother, now in her 60’s had a heart attack six years ago and a bypass operation.

  • One of his two sisters, now 45, is exhibiting risk factors and has mild hypertension and diabetes.

Singapore Indians at high Risk of heart disease
Genetics or matter of lifestyle?

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Dr Mak Koon Hou

The following facts illustrate that Indians in Singapore are more prone to heart disease:

Studies conducted by medical researches as far back as 1959, Singapore already reported a higher incidence of heart disease amongst Indians. The study (published in British Heart Journal in 1960) Indians are 10 times more likely to die of heart attack than the Chinese or Malayas. Indian Muslims were 20 times more likely to die of heart attack than Chinese. This is because of their food habits of eating red meat.

Indians formed about 13 % of the heart attack victims, despite being only 7 % of the population.

 A nine year trend studies conducted by Mak koon Hou, a cardiologist from Glenagles medical Centre concludes that Indians were three times more likey to suffer heart attack than Chinese, while Malays were two times more likely.

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Dr Kenneth Hughes

According to associate Professor Kenneth Hugh the higher rate of heart disease amongst Indians is not a local phenomenon. Overseas research on South Asians-covering those of Indian descent born on the Indian subcontinent, including Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Pakistan-found that they have at least twice, if not thrice, the rate of heart disease compared to other ethnic groups in their countries.

According to WHO India accounts for 60 % of the World’s cardiac patients, nearly 4 times its share of world population?


Even in United States, South Asians have three times the incidence of heart disease, compared to the general US population.

Another interesting observation is that over the last 30 years, it is noted that the average age of first heart attack increase by 10 years in the US and decreased by 10 years in India. This indicates that the situation in India is grave.

Heart disease, amongst Indians tends to be more severe, malignant and diffuse, meaning that, despite repeat surgery; artery blockages often return and cause death.

According to Dr Hughes ‘it’s an established fact that Indians are more likely to develop coronary heart disease. But the more interesting question is why this is so?

Are Indians just born unlucky with the genes that predispose them to heart disease? Or is it unhealthy diet and inactive lifestyle?

Quite a few Indians in Singapore, suffering from heart disease are in their 30s and 40s and a handful are even in their late 20s according to cardiologists Dr Dinesh Nair and his father  V.P. Nair, both from Mount Elizabeth Hospital and Dr Baldev from Parkway East Hospital. Indians generally have multiple blockages compared to Chinese.
Part-roti prata

According to studies- Dr Heng found that Indian babies have about three times the levels of cholesterol and lipoprotein (a)- atype of cholesterol-than Chinese babies indicating genetic factors as the cause of heart disease in Singapore Indians. According to Dr Heng genetics accounts for 20 percent to 60per cent whether one gets heart disease.

“To put it in another way, what you eat and your lifestyle account for 40 percent to 80 percent”, he explains.

Dr Adrian Low of the National University Heart Centre says that studies have shown that traditional cardiovascular risk factors, such as high cholesterol and obesity, account for more than 90 per cent of the risk of heart attacks. And most of these risk factors are modifiable.

“Certainly, some of these risk factors may be contributed genetically but to date, no gene has been identified that has been convincingly shown to play a major role in determining heart attack risk,” he adds.
                   lipoprotein (a)-The Real Risk Factor of Heart Disease.
Coronary Conundrum

In spite of Indians being at a higher risk of heart disease due to genetic factors, research into heart disease risk factors among Indians has thrown up even more mysteries.

Researchers are puzzled with the observation that Indians are less burdened with traditional risk factors, such as smoking or hypertension, compared to other races.

A 2007 Health Ministry National Health Surveillance Survey to obtain information on the general health status and lifestyle practices of Singaporeans found that Malays and Chinese (12.5 per cent and 12.2 per cent, respectively) had a higher prevalence of reported hypertension, compared with Indians (9.3 per cent).

When it came to smoking, Malays had the highest daily smoking prevalence (23.2 per cent), followed by the Chinese (12.3 per cent) and Indians (11.4 per cent).

The same survey found that more Indians (9.7 per cent) reported having diabetes, compared with 3.8 per cent of the Chinese and 6.2 per cent of Malays. This, Dr Hughes says, supports the belief that diabetes is the more significant risk factor for heart disease.

It concluded that Indians were more prone to “central obesity”, as well as insulin resistance and glucose intolerance, which is related to diabetes.

When a person eats, insulin is released to get glucose out of the blood and into the muscle cells that use it for energy. In insulin-resistant people, the pancreas responds by pouring out more insulin, in somewhat elevated blood levels of glucose and a rise in triglycerides, which is linked to heart disease.

The same study also found that Indians had less good cholesterol (HDL) than Malays and Chinese. HDL is important as it removes cholesterol from clogged arteries.
lp(a)-The Real Cause of Heart Disease
Everyone is at risk of heart disease

BESIDES the role of nature, however, nurture also plays a part, say doctors.

Here, diet is the chief culprit. Dr Singh notes that although many Indians tend to be vegetarian, their diet tends to be high in processed carbohydrates and cream.

“If a patient is insulin-resistant, the carbs will cause him to pile on fat,” he says.

Dr Hughes and his colleagues also found that Indians ingest significantly lower levels of vitamin C and selenium, a trace mineral. Studies have suggested that a link between lower levels of vitamin C and selenium increases the risk of heart disease.

“Lower vitamin C in Indians and Malays is probably because of its destruction by more prolonged cooking,” he says, referring to vegetable curries favoured by Indians.

What about lack of exercise, another contributory factor?

Ironically, the Health Ministry’s 2007 survey found that of the one-quarter of respondents who said they exercised regularly – 20 minutes at least three times a week – Indians claimed they had the highest participation rate (36.9 per cent), followed by Malays (22.8 per cent) and Chinese (22.3 per cent).

This self-assessment may look impressive at first, but it seems most Indians simply do not exercise vigorously or long enough, even though they think they do.

Dr Singh says when it comes to staving off heart disease, one has to break a sweat for at least 30 minutes, five times a week – but many Indians often underestimate the frequency and intensity of the exercise needed.

Officials at Fitness Network gym, where Mr Maverick works out, report that only about 6 per cent of the members who work out at least three times a week are Indians. The rest tend to be Chinese or Caucasian.

Indeed, Mr Maverick agrees that he finds it difficult to convince his Indian friends to exercise with him.

“They say I am overdoing it, but I keep telling them that you need to exercise regularly and with intensity to benefit. A slow 10-minute walk to the bus stop won’t do.”

Much less a saunter to the prata shop.

But even if Mr Maverick’s exercise and diet regimen should fail him, he can take heart in a myriad of treatment options available today.

Thanks to computed tomography scanners, which produce startlingly clear pictures of a patient’s heart and arterial blockages, they are able to make timely and accurate diagnosis.

Patients undergoing angioplasty, using a balloon at the end of a tube to open up blocked arteries and surgery to bypass the diseased arteries, all have good chances of survival.

Drugs called statins given early enough and in large-enough doses have also been shown to nip heart disease in the bud.

Cardiologists say, however, that they hesitate to prescribe statins freely. For one thing, they are expensive – a year’s supply can cost between a few hundred dollars and $1,200.

“Statins are effective,” says Dr Singh. “But I don’t think the answer is a magic drug to prevent heart disease. The answer is to change your behavior.

“Indian or not, there are ways you can fight heart disease: If you smoke, stop. If you are overweight, shed some pounds. Adopt a diet based on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts and olive oil. Eat more fish. Exercise almost every day. Get enough sleep. And, most important of all, reduce stress.”

And Mr Maverick continues to work hard on all these fronts to defy the odds. “I intend to live a healthy active life into my old age. I want to watch my kids grow up,” he vows as he puts on his running shoes.

Comments

This is an excellent study carried out on the cause of heart disease amongst Singapore Indians. The same studies on the risk factors of heart disease holds good for all Indians whether staying in India or elsewhere.

#1) Studies on genetics factors indicated that Indians babies have a slightly higher level of Lipoprotein (a)

Recent studies have shown that every individual has a certain level of lipoprotein (a); also called as lp(a). The levels of lp(a) are dependent upon genetic factors.

Lp(a) has been shown to be an independent risk factor of heart disease. It is one of the several emerging risk factors like C reactive protein, homocysteine etc that have been identified recently and have been linked to heart disease.

Actually it is lp (a) that causes heart disease and not LDL.

Lp (a) has a structure similar to LDL cholesterol with additional apolipoprotein (a) attached to LDL.

                                             Lp(a)-The Real Cause of Heart Disease.

#2) Here, diet is the chief culprit. Dr Singh notes that although many Indians tend to be vegetarian, their diet tends to be high in processed carbohydrates and cream. Compared to smoking the Indian diet rich in carbohydrates is responsible for heart disease. Learn here what healt healthy diet is?

#3) Dr Hughes and his colleagues also found that Indians ingest significantly lower levels of vitamin C and selenium, a trace mineral. Studies have suggested that a link between lower levels of vitamin C and selenium increases the risk of heart disease

Vitamin C is a nutrient responsible for collagen synthesis. Seventy percent of our body is made of connective tissue which consists mostly of collagen.

Insufficient intake of vitamin c leads to chronic scurvy. Several micro lesions are formed in the arteries carrying blood the heart.

In response to these lesions our body produces lp (a) molecules and releases them into the blood stream. These lp (a) molecules go and attach to the blood vessels and patch up the lesions. This is how plaque starts building in the arteries.
  lp(a)-The Real Cause of Heart Disease
#4) Dr Hughs says “Lower vitamin C in Indians and Malays is probably because of its destruction by more prolonged cooking,” he says, referring to vegetable curries favoured by Indians.

Diet plays a very important role in heart disease. Eating unhealthy diet is the leading cause of heart disease and chronic diseases.

World Health Organization highly recommends that we eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. Fruits and vegetables are a rich source of vitamin C.

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