Causes of Chronic Diseases As Per WHO

Causes of Chronic Diseases As Per WHO

Chronic Diseases Are The Major Cause of Death And Disability Worldwide

WHO has outlined the cause of chronic diseases and has also given guidelines for preventing them.World Health Organization is constantly making surveys to understand the cause of NCD,s (Non Communicable Diseases) also called as chronic diseases. It also tries to educate the people and suggest ways to overcome them. According to WHO all chronic diseases are preventable.

Chronic Diseases Are The Major Cause of Death And Disability Worldwide

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Chronic diseases are diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. Chronic diseases, such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes, are by far the leading cause of mortality in the world, representing 63% of all deaths. Out of the 36 million people who died from chronic disease in 2008, nine million were under 60 and ninety per cent of these premature deaths occurred in low- and middle-income countries

Facts About Chronic Diseases- WHO 2005

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Chronic diseases are the major cause of death and disability worldwide.

  •  Over 35 million people, including many young people and those in the middle age, died due to chronic diseases in 2005.


  • The total number of people dying from chronic diseases is double that of all infectious diseases (including HIV/AIDS,tuberculosis and malaria), maternal and perinatal conditions, and nutritional deficiencies combined.
  •  80% of chronic disease deaths occur in low and middle income countries and half are in women.


  •  Without action to address the causes, deaths from chronic disease will increase by 17% between 2005 and 2015.

What causes chronic diseases? Risk factors of chronic diseases!Unhealthy diet,physical inactivity, tobacco use.According to WHO ( Factsheet1_chronic diseases_who.pdf) the causes (risk factors) of chronic diseases are well established and well known; a small set of common risk factors are responsible for most of the main chronic diseases. The same risk factors also hold good for heart diseases. These risk factors are modifiable and are the same in both men and women. They are:

 

  •                           Unhealthy diet;
  •                           Physical inactivity;
  •                           Tobacco use.


These causes are expressed through the intermediate risk factors of :

  •                      Raised blood pressure,
  •                      Raised glucose levels,
  •                      Abnormal blood lipids,
  •                      Overweight and obesity.


The major modifiable risk factors, in conjunction with the non-modifiable risk factors of age and heredity, explain the majority of new events of heart disease, stroke, chronic respiratory diseases and some important cancers. The relationship between the major modifiable risk factors and the main chronic diseases is similar in all regions of the world.
                                                  lipoprotein(a)-The Real Cause of Hear Disease

Other risk factors
Many more risk factors for chronic diseases have been identified, but they account for a smaller proportion of disease.

  • Harmful alcohol use is an important contributor to the global burden of disease but its relationship to chronic disease is more complex.
  • Infectious agents that are responsible for cervical and liver cancers, and some
  • Environmental factors, such as air pollution, which contribute to a range of chronic diseases including asthma and other chronic respiratory diseases.
  • Psychosocial and
  •  G<strong “mso-bidi-font-weight:=”” normal”=””>enetic factors also play a role.

Childhood risk
 There is now extensive evidence from many countries that conditions before birth and in early childhood influence health in adult life. For example, low birth weight is now known to be associated with increased rates of high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke and diabetes.

Risk accumulation
Ageing is an important marker of the accumulation of modifiable risks for chronic disease: the impact of risk factors increases over the life course.

Underlying determinants
The underlying determinants of chronic diseases are a reflection of the major forces driving social, economic and cultural change – globalization, urbanization, population ageing, and the general policy environment.

Poverty
Chronic diseases and poverty are interconnected in a vicious circle. At the same time, poverty and worsening of already existing poverty are caused by chronic diseases. The poor are more vulnerable for several reasons, including greater exposure to risks and decreased access to health services.

Psychosocial stress also plays a role

 Comments based on the facts presented by WHO.

Summarizing the above data and its correlation to high cholesterol levels and heart disease.

World Health Organization surveys the data from a number of countries and complies the data. One thing is clear-heart disease is also a chronic disease. Amongst the various risk factors mentioned the one which is most critical is “unhealthy diet”. We should probe deeply into unhealthy diet and understand what it actually mean. What a layman can conclude from unhealthy diet.Nutrient Deficiency- Main Cause of Chronic or Heart Disease.Taking into consideration the basic principles of Orthomolecular Nutrition into consideration unhealthy diet implies that our body is not getting all the nutrients, over a long period of time, for its proper functioning, thus creating nutrient deficiency conditions in the body.

Oxygen is a very critical nutrient neede by all the cells of the body.Lack of oxygen supply to the body by way of unhealthy diet, lack of exercise and smoking is the major causative factor of all chronic diseases.

Heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases like stroke etc are all chronic diseases caused due to lack of an important nutrient “oxygen” in the body. Lack of oxygen indicates depletion of antioxidant levels in the body.

The disease being more common in ares of poverty also indicates the connection of chronic diseases like coronary heart disease to poor nutrition.

Vitamin A, C and E are the main antioxidants present in the body.Selenium is another important antioxidant present in the body. Dr Linus Pauling and Dr Matthias Rath have established a link between nutrient deficiency and heart disease. They have shown that chronic vitamin c deficiency causes lesions in the arteries and in order to prevent the loss of blood outside of the blood vessels our body tries to patch the lesions via lipoprotein (a) as they have the ability to bind to the arterial waal. They are 300 percent more atherogenic than LDL cholesterol.                                       lipoprotein(a)-The Real Cause of Heart Disease

Smoking and lack of exercise also aggrevate the situation of plaque formation. Smoking has been shown to deplete the levels of the antioxidant, Vitamin C, in the body.

The abnormal levels of cholesterol, atherosclerosis and subsequent complications of heart diseases are clearly linked to multiple nutritional deficiency. Hence, a nutritional approach to mormalize cholesterol levels, maintain normal cholesterol levels is a sure way to reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke and also to reverse and prevent heart disease.

How To Reduce Risk of Chronic DiseasesDoing regular exercise, quitting smoking and stop eating unhealthy diet are the most relevant methods to reduce the risk of chronic diseases and alsoreduce the risk of heart disease.What exactly is unhealthy diet?You can leave this page and go to HOME PAGE
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