We rely on nutrition for our health, fitness and well-being. Good health require eating balanced diet which has all the nutrients like carbohydrates, oils & fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and other micro nutrients be supplied to the body in adequate and balanced amounts.
Why do we need these nutrients?
- Development and functioning;
- Cell reproduction;
- Growth and maintenance;
- High energy and working efficiency;
- Resistance to infection and disease;
- Ability to repair bodily damage or injury.
From where do we get all these nutrients
Carbohydrates, oils and fats, proteins, fruits and vegetables are the major groups of foods that provide us the nutrients to the body. Eating food from all the groups is recommended so that you are not deficient in nutrients. This is called as eating a balanced diet.
Health fitness & nutrition: Do we get all the nutrients from food?
The nutrients present in foods also depend upon where they are cultivated. For example the soil in America is deficient in Magnesium. So mostly Americans are deficient in magnesium which is very essential for our bones and also for maintaining blood pressure. They suffer from symptoms of magnesium deficiency.Another important nutrient is vitamin c. Its requirement for the body is high and sufficient amounts are not obtained through food, mostly fruits and vegetables, because of which immunity is lost and a person becomes susceptible to many diseases including chronic diseases. We generally do not eat plenty of fruits rich in vitamin c due to one reason or the other.
Another reason we become deficient in certain nutrients is due to eating processed foods. During processing several nutrients are lost. The global trend of eating fast foods is increasing and at the same time contributing to rise in chronic diseases.
This is a very critical point one should know. A biochemist interested in nutrition knows that transformation reactions in the body essential for the production of energy require a number of enzymes working either together or in sequence. If a reaction needs three vitamins, one is not more important than the other; all are needed. If one is lacking, it becomes the important one therapeutically.[ No nutrient works alone.]
No Nutrient Works Alone
Nutrients work together as does an orchestra, to use Dr. Roger William’s way of putting it.
Like instruments playing in harmony, all the nutrients must be available in their optimum amounts.
They contain protein, fat, and carbohydrate combined with vitamins and minerals packed in complicated living structures-animal and plants used for human consumption.
Healht Fitness & Processed Foods
processed foods provide discord in the metabolic harmony: a missing nutrient is like a fiddle with a broken string.
This is one of the major objections of processed foods.
According to World heart Federation the shift to unhealthy diet is increasing globally. These global dietary changes threaten health. The incidence of degenerative diseases is continuing to rise.
Health Fitness and Orthomolecular Nutrition
According to a rapidly growing body of reports, orthomolecular nutrition is benefiting tens and thousands of –even millions-suffering from varied physical, mental and behavioral disturbances, including many unhelped by other methods. Orthomolecular medicines sole emphasis is on –Nutrition as Therapy.